Jimmy D Ballard

Contact Information:
Jimmy D Ballard


Ballard, Jimmy D. (HSC)

Department of:

College Of Medicine/Microbiology & Immunology -Professor and Chairman

Center of:


University of Oklahoma Health Sciences Center   Ph.D.   1993
Southeastern Oklahoma State University   B.S.   1988

Professional Interest/Expertise/Specializations:
Dr. Ballard studies toxins produced by Bacillus anthracis and Clostridium difficile, two prominent Gram-positive pathogens. He uses a combination of cellular and molecular biology, and bacteriology to study the effects these bacterial toxins on eukaryotic cells, and has pioneered the zebrafish embryo as a novel system to follow localization of toxins to major organs in real-time.


Microbiology Website, Dr. Ballard

Research Projects:

Selected Publications:

GSK-3 Activation is Important for Anthrax Edema Toxin Induced Dendritic Cell Maturation and ANTXR2 Expression in Macrophages.
2011    Larabee, JL, Maldonado-Arocho, FJ, Pacheco, S, France, B, DeGiusti, K, Shakir, SM, Bradley, KA, Ballard, JD
Infection and Immunity
The Mechanism of Bacillus anthracis Intracellular Germination Requires Multiple and Highly Diverse Genetic Loci
   Barua, S., McKevitt, M., DeGiusti, K., Hamm, E.E., Larabee, J., Shakir, S., Bryant, K., Koehler, T.M., Blanke, S.R., Dyer, D., Gillaspy, A., and J.D. Ballard,
Infection and Immunity
Regulatory Interactions of a Virulence-Associated Serine/Threonine Phosphatase-Kinase Pair in Bacillus anthracis.
   Shakir, S.M., Bryant, K.M., Larabee, J.L., Hamm, E.E., Lovchik, J., Lyons, C.R., and Ballard, J.D
Journal of Bacteriology.
Clostridium sordellii toxic shock syndrome
   Aronoff, D.M. and Ballard, J.D.
Lancet Infectious Diseases,